The moor, better known as the Andean moorland, is an intertropical ecosystem that is found at altitudes of 3,000 to 5,000 meters. It has a cold and humid climate, with abundant temperature changes. In one day, the temperature can range from zero to 30 ° C.
The moor has a very particular vegetation. It is dominated by shrubs, herbs and giant rosettes of the frailejones group. These plants, with oval leaves and the same size to protect themselves from the cold, have adapted to very particular conditions of high tropical mountains. They are protected from high levels of solar radiation during the day and freezing temperatures at night.
Patricia Bejarano, manager of planning and land use of Conservation International Colombia, tells us that the moors are strategic ecosystems of height, because thanks to their flora, they are able to capture, store, regulate and supply the water of their atmosphere mitigating the effects environmental. In addition, they are able to store a liter of water in a cubic meter.
All the moors of the world are located in the neotropical zone, present in the cities of Venezuela, Colombia, Peru and Ecuador. Even so, in Colombia there is 50% of the total extent of the moors, in its three branches of the Andes Mountains. Sumapaz, the largest wasteland in the world, is also located.